History and Politics of the German Speaking Countries

Politics: European Union

Europa - Gateway to the European Union is the portal site of the European Union. It provides up-to-date coverage of European Union affairs and essential information on European integration.

The European Parliament is the parliamentary body of the European Union, directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. It meets in two locations: Strasbourg and Brussels.

The Council of the European Union along with the European Parliament, the legislative arm of the European Union. It contains ministers of the governments of each of the European Union member states.

The European Commission is the executive body of the European Union. Alongside the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union, it is one of the three main institutions governing the Union.

The European Court of Justice is the supreme court of the European Union based in Luxembourg. 

Politics: Germany

German Embassy in Washington, D.C.

Auswärtiges Amt, Federal Foreign Office

Deutscher Bundestag, the House of Representatives

Die Bundesregierung, the Government

Die Bundeskanzlerin, the Chancellor 

Politics: Austria

Austrian Embassy in Washington, D.C.

Bundesministerium für auswärtige Angelegenheiten, Federal Foreign Ministry

Austrian Parliament

Austrian Federal Chancellery

Politics: Switzerland

Swiss Embassy in Washington D.C.

Eidgenössisches Departement für auswärtige Angelegenheiten, Federal Department for Foreign Affairs (EDA)

The Federal Assembly (Bundesrat), the Swiss Parliament

The Federal Authorities of the Swiss Confederation 

History: General

The Federal Agency for Civic Education (Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung) takes up topical and historical subjects by issuing publications, organizing seminars, events, study trips, exhibitions and competitions, by providing extension training for journalists and by offering films and on-line products. (Primarily German)

Deutsches Historisches Museum Berlin, the German Historical Museum

Lebendiges virtuelles Museum Online is a virtual museum of German history since 1900 (German)

ANNO, the virtual newspaper archive of the Austrian National Library, provides online access to historic Austrian newspapers. (German)

LeMO Archiv is a very comprehensive collection of historical audio and video files (German)

Austrian history from the Roman era until today can be learned from aeiou, the Austrian culture information system.

Schweizer Geschichte/History of Switzerland covers the history of Switzerland from the stone age until today.

The Berlin city map archive provides online access to Berlin maps starting in 1738.

The Virtual Library Contemporary History of the Historisches Zentrum Hagen is part of the History Network at the European University Institute in Florence. The contents of the catalogue are concentrated on the history of Germany (1890-1949).

Compact Memory is an internet archive of German-Jewish periodicals (German)

Die Familie Chotzen: Jüdisches Leben in Deutschland 1914-2006 is a cooperation between the Federal Agency for Civic Education and the German Historical Museum and tells the story of a Jewish Family in Germany 

History: National Socialism and Shoah

The Visual History Archive of the Shoah Foundation Institute for Visual History and Education at USC is an international resource of unique depth and breadth, containing testimonies of survivors gathered in 56 countries and 32 languages.

www.nationalsozialismus.de contains a substantial encyclopedia about National Socialism as well as information about books, documents and presentations. (German, automatic translation available)

www.exil-archiv.de is a center for discussion and information on seminal topics such as censorship, the banning and burning of books, the persecution and emigration of writers, artists and other intellectuals. 

History: Federal Republic and GDR

 The extensive site DDR -Geschichte provides facts, dates and reports about the GDR (German)

Alltagskultur der DDR is virtual museum of images from everyday life in the GDR (German)

Chronik der Mauer, a cooperation of the Federal Agency for Civic Education and Deutschlandradio, provides a chronicle of the Berlin wall (German)

The German National Museum of Contemporary History, Haus der Geschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, is concerned with the history of the Federal Republic of Germany.